That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. These adjustments in the mind can prompt to the hurtful practices found in individuals who take drugs. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
There is, but it is a long journey. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
Stop taking drugs
Be a productive member of society, in the family, and at work
Principles Of Effective Treatment
These values have been observed since some scientific research was done in the mid-70s as the foundation for a successful recovery plan:
Addiction is a complicated, chronic disease that affects the brain and behaviour, but it is treatable.
There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
Going through with the programme is essential.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Relapse Prevention Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Patients are assisted by behavioural therapies to:
Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
motivational interviewing, that makes the most of a person's willingness to alter their behaviour and start treatment
Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. Authorised residential treatment centre offers 24-hour organized and proper care, including safe lodging and medicinal consideration. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recuperation housing can help individuals make the move to a free life, for instance, helping them figure out how to manage funds or look for business and also interfacing them to bolster services in the group.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.